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ABS Material Data

General Informations

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is one of the most recognized and widely used materials in the plastic industry. It finds applications in various industries, including automotive, furniture, and electronics, owing to its unique properties.

Automotive: ABS is commonly used in the automotive industry for manufacturing components such as bumpers, cabin and engine covers due to its durability and impact resistance.
Furniture and Housings: ABS is a preferred choice for furniture and housing applications because of its excellent impact resistance and relatively high toughness.
3D Printing: In the realm of 3D printing, ABS is a popular choice for creating end-use parts, prototypes for injection-molded components, and electronic enclosures. Its inherent flexibility makes it suitable for "snap-fit" and click applications as well as film hinges.
Warping: However, it's important to note that ABS can be challenging to work with in 3D printing, especially for large, flat components. The material's significant shrinkage during printing can lead to a phenomenon known as "warping." This involves the deformation of the printed object during the printing process, potential detachment from the print bed, or the development of significant stress cracks. Therefore, ABS should be selected for 3D printing projects only when its specific material properties are essential.

ABS is a versatile material with a wide range of applications, but its susceptibility to warping can be a limitation in certain 3D printing scenarios.

Printing in ABS

Minimum Wall: 1 mm

Smalest Detail: 0.4 mm

Layer hight: 0.2mm

Max Print size: 256 x 256 x 256 mm

Tollerance: 0.2% min ±0.3 mm

Delivery Times: Typicaly 4-5 Businessdays

ABS Lamp 3D Printed in FDM

Pro`s and Con`s


  • Sturdy and Flexible (for "Click" and "Snap-fit" applications): ABS exhibits a unique combination of strength and flexibility, making it suitable for snap-fit and click applications.
  • Wear-Resistant: ABS is known for its resistance to wear and tear, contributing to its longevity.
  • Polishable: It can be polished to achieve a smooth and glossy finish.
  • Tough: ABS offers toughness and impact resistance, making it suitable for demanding applications.
  • High Heat Resistance: With high heat resistance properties, ABS can withstand elevated temperatures.
  • UL92-HB (Flame Resistance): It meets UL92-HB standards for flame resistance.
  • Resistant to Weak and Strong Alkalis: ABS shows resistance to both weak and strong alkaline substances.


  • Low Resolution with FDM Technology: ABS may have lower resolution when printed using Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) technology.
  • Warping Tendency, Especially in Large Parts: Large ABS prints can be prone to warping, leading to deformations.
  • Susceptible to Solvents (Acids): ABS is vulnerable to certain solvents, particularly acids.
  • UV Sensitivity: It can be sensitive to UV light exposure, which may affect its long-term appearance.

Applications of ABS 3D Print

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) 3D printing finds versatile uses across various fields, including research, biomedical engineering, and point-of-care applications, along with its traditional industrial applications:

Biomedical Engineering:

Medical Device Prototypes: ABS is employed in creating prototypes for various medical devices, allowing for rapid design iterations and functional testing.
Prosthetic Components: It is used to fabricate components for prosthetic limbs and orthopedic devices, offering strength and durability.
Patient-Specific Models: ABS enables the creation of patient-specific anatomical models for surgical planning and medical education.

Point-of-Care Applications:

Customized Medical Tools: ABS can be utilized to produce customized tools and devices for point-of-care applications, ensuring tailored solutions.
Diagnostic Equipment Housing: It is suitable for housing components of diagnostic devices used at the point of care.
Low-Volume Produc tion: ABS supports low-volume production runs for specialized point-of-care equipment.


Laboratory Equipment: ABS is used to create custom laboratory equipment, including sample holders, test tube racks, and instrument housings.
Research Prototypes: It is ideal for fabricating prototypes and models for various research experiments and projects.
Biomechanical Studies: ABS aids in conducting biomechanical studies through the creation of custom fixtures and measurement tools.

Traditional Industrial Applications:

Electronic Housings: ABS is employed for enclosures and housings of electronic components due to its impact resistance.
Functional Components: It is used for producing functional parts in various industries, such as machinery and consumer goods.
Camera Housings: ABS provides durability and impact resistance for camera housings.
Automotive Parts: ABS is a go-to material for manufacturing vehicle components like interior trim, panels, and dashboard parts.

ABS 3D printing's versatility extends its utility to diverse fields, offering solutions for research, biomedical engineering, point-of-care applications, and traditional industrial needs.

Technical specifications

General Properties


Test Method



ISO 1183, GB/T 1033

1.12 g/cm³ at 23°C

Melting Point

210°C, 2.16kg

9-14 g/10min

Shore Hardness

ISO 7619-1, GB/T 531.1

Approx. 72 D

Light Transmission



Flame Resistance



Moisture Absorption

70% RH – 23°C


Mechanical Properties


Test Method


Elastic Modulus (X-Y)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

2174 ± 285 MPa

Elastic Modulus (Z)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

1835 ± 36 MPa

Tensile Strength (X-Y)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

33.3 ± 0.8 MPa

Tensile Strength (Z)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

25.4 ± 0.8 MPa

Elongation at Break (X-Y)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

2.7 ± 0.4%

Elongation at Break (Z)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

2.4 ± 1.2%

Flexural Modulus (X-Y)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341

2844 ± 411 MPa

Flexural Modulus (Z)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341


Flexural Strength (X-Y)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341

72.8 ± 0.7 MPa

Flexural Strength (Z)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341


Impact Toughness (Charpy X-Y)

ISO 179, GB/T 1043

12.6 ± 1.1 kJ/m²

Impact Toughness (Charpy Z)

ISO 179, GB/T 1043

10.5 ± 0.4 kJ/m²

Thermal Properties


Test Method


Glass Transition Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min


Melting Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min


Crystallization Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min


Decomposition Temperature

TGA, 20°C/min


Vicat Softening Temperature

ISO 306, GB/T 1633


Heat Deflection Temperature (1.8MPa)

ISO 75


Heat Deflection Temperature (0.45MPa)

ISO 75


Thermal Conductivity



Thermal Shrinkage



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