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PEEK Material Details

General Information

PEEK (Polyether Ether Ketone) is a high-performance polymer recognized for its exceptional mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties. When it comes to 3D printing with PEEK, understanding its characteristics and challenges is crucial for successful applications.

PEEK's Remarkable Properties:

  1. High Temperature Resistance: PEEK exhibits an impressive heat resistance, with a glass transition temperature around 143°C to 160°C and a melting point at approximately 343°C. This property makes it suitable for applications in high-temperature environments.
  2. Excellent Mechanical Strength: PEEK boasts remarkable tensile and flexural strength, making it ideal for components that need to withstand substantial mechanical loads.
  3. Chemical Resistance: PEEK is highly resistant to chemicals, including acids, bases, and organic solvents, ensuring its suitability for applications requiring chemical stability.
  4. Low Outgassing: PEEK has low outgassing properties, making it suitable for applications in space and vacuum environments where minimal gas release is essential.
  5. Biocompatibility: PEEK is biocompatible and widely used in medical applications, such as implantable devices and surgical instruments.

Challenges of Printing with PEEK:

  1. High Printing Temperature: PEEK requires a high extrusion temperature, often exceeding 350°C, which can be challenging for many 3D printers. Specialized equipment is necessary.
  2. Heated Build Chamber: Maintaining a high-temperature build chamber is essential to prevent warping and ensure adhesion during PEEK printing.
  3. Slow Cooling: PEEK needs slow and controlled cooling to prevent cracks and ensure layer adhesion. This requires specialized cooling systems.
  4. Post-Processing: Post-processing steps, such as annealing, may be needed to enhance PEEK's properties further.
  5. Material Cost: PEEK is relatively expensive compared to other 3D printing materials, which can impact project budgets.

Overcoming the Challenges:

  1. Specialized 3D Printers: Invest in a 3D printer designed for high-temperature materials like PEEK.
  2. Enclosed Build Chamber: Ensure your 3D printer has an enclosed and heated build chamber to maintain consistent temperature conditions.
  3. Layer Adhesion: Experiment with printing parameters to optimize layer bonding, and consider using adhesion promoters.
  4. Post-Processing Techniques: Explore post-processing methods like annealing to enhance the mechanical properties of your PEEK prints.
  5. Cost-Benefit Analysis: Evaluate the cost-effectiveness of using PEEK for your specific application to justify the material expense.

Printing in PEEK

Minimum Wall: 3 mm

Smalest Detail: 0.6 mm

Layer hight: 0.2mm

Max Print size: ø 100 x 200 mm
(bigger on request)

Tollerance: 0.4% min ±0.3 mm

Delivery Times: Typicaly 10-12 Businessdays

PEEK Implant 3D Printed

Pro`s and Con`s


  • Exceptional Temperature Resistance: PEEK can withstand high temperatures, making it suitable for applications in extreme heat environments.
  • Superb Mechanical Properties: PEEK boasts impressive tensile and flexural strength, ensuring robust and durable printed parts.
  • Chemical Resistance: It is highly resistant to chemicals, making it ideal for projects requiring exposure to corrosive substances.
  • Biocompatible: PEEK is biocompatible, opening doors for medical applications such as implants and surgical instruments.
  • Low Outgassing: PEEK exhibits low outgassing, making it suitable for aerospace and vacuum applications where minimal gas release is critical.


  • Challenging to Print: PEEK's high melting point and low thermal conductivity make it challenging to 3D print. Specialized equipment and expertise are required.
  • Expensive Material: PEEK is relatively expensive compared to other 3D printing materials, which can impact project budgets.
  • Limited Color Options: PEEK is typically available in a limited range of colors, limiting design choices.
  • Slow Printing Speed: Achieving quality prints with PEEK often requires slower printing speeds, increasing production time.
  • Potential Warping: PEEK has a tendency to warp during printing, which can affect the accuracy of the final part.
  • Post-Processing Complexity: Post-processing PEEK parts can be more complex due to its high melting point and toughness.

Applications of PEEK 3D Print

PEEK's exceptional properties open the door to various applications, including:

  • Aerospace: PEEK is suitable for manufacturing lightweight, high-strength components for aircraft and spacecraft.
  • Medical: It is used for producing biocompatible implants, surgical tools, and medical devices.
  • Oil and Gas: PEEK's chemical resistance makes it valuable for components in harsh environments.
  • Automotive: PEEK can be employed in engine components and other high-temperature applications.
  • Electronics: PEEK's low outgassing is essential in electronic components for space and vacuum applications.

In conclusion, PEEK 3D printing offers unparalleled performance for demanding applications, but it comes with specific challenges that require careful consideration and specialized equipment. When harnessed effectively, PEEK's unique properties can revolutionize industries across the board.

Technical specifications

General Properties


Test Method



ISO1183, GB/T1033

1.32 g/cm³ at 23°C

Melting Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min


Light Transmission



Flame Resistance

UL 94


Moisture Absorption

70%RH – 23°C


Electrical Properties


Test Method


Surface Resistance


10^9 - 10^12 Ω/sq


Mechanical Properties


Test Method


Elastic Modulus (X-Y)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

3,879 ± 181 MPa

Elastic Modulus (Z)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

3,608 ± 85 MPa

Tensile Strength (X-Y)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

94.3 ± 2.3 MPa

Tensile Strength (Z)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

89.4 ± 3.9 MPa

Elongation at Break (X-Y)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

3.4 ± 0.1%

Elongation at Break (Z)

ISO 527, GB/T 1040

4.2 ± 0.2%

Flexural Modulus (X-Y)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341

3,850 ± 243 MPa

Flexural Modulus (Z)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341

3,440 ± 96 MPa

Flexural Strength (X-Y)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341

131 ± 2 MPa

Flexural Strength (Z)

ISO 178, GB/T 9341

119 ± 4 MPa

Impact Strength (Charpy X-Y)

ISO 179, GB/T 1043

32.2 ± 2.4 kJ/m²

Impact Strength (Charpy Z)

ISO 179, GB/T 1043

29.8 ± 1.6 kJ/m²

Thermal Properties


Test Method


Glass Transition Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min

145.2 °C

Melting Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min


Crystallization Temperature

DSC, 10°C/min


Decomposition Temperature

TGA, 20°C/min

>490 °C

Vicat Softening Temperature

ISO 306, GB/T 1633

147.5 °C

Heat Deflection Temperature (1.8MPa)

ISO 75

157.7 °C

Heat Deflection Temperature (0.45MPa)

ISO 75

174.1 °C

Thermal Conductivity

ISO 22007-2, 23°C

0.4 W/(m·K)

Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion

ISO 11359

36.5 x 10^-6/°C

Chemical Resistance: PEEK exhibits resistance to a variety of chemicals, including acids, bases, organic solvents, and various chemical solutions.

Water Resistance: PEEK shows low water absorption and remains stable in moist environments.

Hydrolysis Resistance: PEEK is stable against hydrolysis and maintains its properties even when exposed to hot water or steam.

Radiation Resistance: PEEK is radiation-resistant and retains its properties even after exposure to ionizing radiation.

Reactivity with Some Strong Oxidizing Agents: While PEEK is stable against many chemicals, it can react and degrade in the presence of some strong oxidizing agents. Therefore, it should not be used in environments with strong oxidizing agents.

It's important to note that the chemical resistance of PEEK may vary depending on factors such as temperature, concentration of chemicals, and other factors. Before using PEEK in chemically aggressive environments, it's advisable to check its specific resistance to the chemicals being used and conduct tests if necessary.

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